Reading list 2011 (preliminary): FDD3001: Research - Theory, Method, Practice, and DD2205

The course package is accessible to course participants from KTH domains.

Course Book: Method

You should read one of the following, depending on your background and interests,

Hoffman et al is targeting students in Scientific Computation and mathematically oriented science:

Ann Oakley:
Experiments in Knowing:

Gender and Method in the Social Sciences.
New York: The New Press, 2000.

J. Hoffman, C. Johnson, A. Logg: Dreams of Calculus
Perspectives on Mathematics Education
Springer 2004, XIII, 158 p., Softcover ISBN: 978-3-540-21976-7
also: Here

Classical philosophy of science:

1: Thomas Kuhn, with the Paradigm
http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/kuhn.htm

2: Paul Feyerabend, the Anarchist
http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/feyerabe.htm

3: Lyotard: The Post Modern Condition.
http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/lyotard.htm
Lyotard was the first to identify the 'third phase' of the University system, where the concept of education is replaced by marketable skills, 'the commodificaton of knowledge'. He distinguishes performative knowledge, which cogs into the production and advising processes of society and has a market value, from critical knowledge, that has a potential use in reforming the discourse of the good society, but which no-one seems prepared to actually pay for. Swedish translation of the full paper in Psykoanalytisk Tid/Skrift 2009:28-29

4: Rene Thom: Modern Mathematics: An educational and Philosophical Error? in Tymoczko: New directions in the Philosophy of Mathematics, Birkhauser 1986.

5: Ann Oakley (2000) Experiments in Knowing: Gender and Method in the Social Sciences. New York: The New Press. pp 23-43.

6: Aristotle: Nichomachean Ethics Book VI

Rhetoric and Ethos

7: Language and ideas, from Ibn Khaldun, Muqaddimah VI:55(1380)

8: Paul, Charney and Kendall: Moving beyond the moment: Reception studies in the rhetoric of science. Journal of Professional communication.
Authors Paul et al note that the phrasing of a paper can have profound effect on its ability to be remembered. Several examples of inspirations to Nobel prize papers seem to have been unawarded mainly because of the author's reluctance to make bold rhetorical claims - which involves a risk if the claim is not eventually accepted by the community and may also make it more difficult to publish. A paper must create a space in the world of ideas of the discipline, and then fill it, to be remembered(CARS: Create A Research Space). This is not a simple cook-book on writing but a critical analysing paper

9: M. Nussbaum: Cultivating Humanity, pp 1-15.
The humanities in liberal arts colleges see themselves as instrumental in forming good citizens of modern society. Nussbaum defends the new globally oriented liberal arts programmes, but also sees a place for some classics. Swedish translation in Psykoanalytisk Tid/Skrift 2009:28-29.

10: Sheldon Rothblatt: Science as a profession In: The modern University and its discontents: the fate of Newman's legacies in Britain and America, 1997

11: Max Weber: Science as a vocation (1918)

Microsociology of Science

12: Latour: Science in Action. Ch 1 :
Here we get a view of what an anthropologist can find in a high-tech molecular biology lab. Classical and controvesial.

13: A. Warwick: Masters of Theory, 2003 University of Chicago Press. pp 1-15.
This is a study of how the Cambridge mathematical physics developed from an environment of a seminar for priests and into a center of Scientific learning. Confirms Feyerabend and Kuhn in its analysis of the acceptance, without truly convincing evidence, of the theories of relativity in Cambridge. Also an account of how practice-based work can lead to mathematical results of lasting value, an interesting case being Poynting's trip from the horrors of the Tripos to the discovery of his method to account for the energy in an electromagnetic field, Poynting's vector, which is now one of of the central concepts in electromagnetic theory.

14: Gross, Levitt: Higher superstition p 57-62.
This extract gives the authors' view of Bruno Latour, currently one of the most influential, quick-witted and heretic philosophers/anthropologists of science and technology. The book, Higher Superstition, can be seen as the call to arms in the 'science wars' of the 1990:s.

15: Review of Readings
by Cramer

16: Bill Readings: The University in Ruins. 1996. Introduction.


Reading for seminars

tba

Law, Ethics

21: AMC Research Code (extract, revised version).

VR/Uppsala CODEX

Authorship Guidelines
Sampling of professional codes

Example of grant plagiarism policy

Meta-studies

Campbell Collaboration
Cochrane Collaboration

Some philosophers

Bertrand Russell

Karl Popper

Ludwig Wittgenstein

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