How to build the code for
Thinking in Patterns with Java
by Bruce Eckel
- Download and unzip the code from
Thinking in Java, 2nd edition into a directory that will be referred to as
code. (Some of
the libraries from this book are used in the Thinking in Patterns
- Add the
code directory for the
Thinking in Java, 2nd edition source code listings (that you unzipped in step 1) to
your Java CLASSPATH. Note that in order to successfully compile all of the Thinking in Java files requires the installation of additional Javasoft libraries and a C++ compiler. However this is not necessary in order to compile the Thinking in Patterns code. Thinking in Patterns uses some of the basic Java libraries from Thinking in Java so you must have that code available.
- You must also include '.' in your CLASSPATH,
otherwise Java will not look in the current directory.
- Download and unzip the book Thinking in Patterns, which includes the
- Add the
code directory for the
Thinking in Patterns source code listings (that you unzipped in step 3) to
your Java CLASSPATH.
- Download and install the Java 2 SDK (JDK 1.3 or higher) from
- Download and install Python (the latest version should work fine) from
www.python.org. Add the Python
directory to your PATH.
- Create a new environment variable (in your AUTOEXEC.BAT under Windows, in
your .cshrc under Linux) called PYTHONPATH, and add the python home
directory to this path. Make sure you leave no spaces around the '=' sign
when creating this path. For example, here's my PYTHONPATH:
- Download and install Jython from
sourceforge.net. This is necessary to compile the Interpreter/Multiple
Languages chapter. The installer is built into the .class file, so
all you need to do is run that file with Java.
- However, When installing Jython, you must explicitly specify the path to the
java executable that's in your JDK. If you just say
Jython-20, then you will end up using the default java, which
will be in the JRE if that's installed, and you won't get the right results, in
particular for jythonc. For my machine, I used the command:
to install Jython, and you'll need to give a
similar command, depending on where your java.exe is located.
- Add Jython.jar (which was produced by the previous step) to your
CLASSPATH. Add the Jython install directory to your PATH.
- Download and install Gnu make from
for DOS/Windows. You can find general information about make and
places to download it for other machines at the Gnu make page. Note
that Linux automatically installs Gnu make. Windows NT may require some
fooling around in order to get Gnu make to run, but I have seen it work
(you may be able to find specific notes by searching the Internet; try
- Here are some notes from Xandy Johnson at FGM, Inc., who
solved the Windows NT problem, albeit with the use of Cygwin: The main thing
is to use Cygwin. The really important part of this is that Cygwin
get you a real shell, which none of the Windows command processors (i.e.
COMMAND.COM on DOS/3.1/95/98/Me and cmd.exe on NT/2000) are. I invoke 'make' from a Cygwin bash prompt, which should work with nothing additional
beyond installing Cygwin. If you want to be able to invoke make from a DOS
Command Prompt, you need to do a couple of additional things: (1) add the Cygwin
'bin' directory (e.g. C:\cygwin\bin) to your PATH, and (2) set the environment
variable MAKE_MODE=unix. Setting MAKE_MODE=unix will cause make to use /bin/sh
as the shell, rather than cmd.exe, which is, as I said before, one of the
crucial differences in Cygwin.
- To get Jython to work under Cygwin, here's what I had to do
(note that I first installed Jython on Win98, then later installed Cygwin.
Perhaps there's a way to install it under Cygwin that would not require
this). Copy the batch files jython.bat and jythonc.bat to cygwin's
/usr/local/bin, since that's already in the path (and an empty directory, on
mine, anyway). Then change their names to jython and jythonc. No '.bat' (Unix is
literal about names, and doesn't infer the extension, as is assumed in the
makefile). Now the jython shell script must be Unixified (there's probably some
other way to do this in Cygwin, but at least I got it to work). Remove all the
rem statements, and change the direction of the slashes, and when you're done
you should get something like this for jython (it's what I used):
D:/jdk1.3/bin/java.exe "-Dpython.home=D:/jdk1.3/Jython" -classpath "D:/jdk1.3/Jython/jython.jar;%CLASSPATH%" org.python.util.jython $1 $2 $3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9
You should then be able to type "jython" at a Cygwin prompt, and get the >>>
sign for interactive python.
Your jythonc will end up looking like:
jython D:/jdk1.3/Jython/Tools/jythonc/jythonc.py $1 $2 $3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9
- Finn Bock writes: I managed to get gnu make to work on my
win2k by adding this to c09/makefile just before the "all:"
The default shell set by Gnu make seems to be COMMAND.COM, and as
Xandy explained, that shell (on w2k) is too simple minded for the task.
But CMD.EXE is sufficiently powerful for the commands in your
makefiles. With the patch to c09/makefile, I could run "make" from a
- Move to the
code directory for
Thinking in Patterns. To a command prompt, type
if you are using the Sun JDK compiler
if you are
using the IBM Jikes compiler (much faster, better error messages).
- All the code should compile without make aborting. In addition, all
the Unit Tests will be run to verify that the programs behave properly.
Note that some of the needed utilities in the Thinking in Java
directories may or may not automatically compile during this process if they
do not, make will abort, and you will need to go to the appropriate
Thinking in Java directories and type