(flex.info)Generated scanner


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The generated scanner
=====================

   The output of `flex' is the file `lex.yy.c', which contains the
scanning routine `yylex()', a number of tables used by it for matching
tokens, and a number of auxiliary routines and macros.  By default,
`yylex()' is declared as follows:

     int yylex()
         {
         ... various definitions and the actions in here ...
         }

   (If your environment supports function prototypes, then it will be
"int yylex( void  )".)   This  definition  may  be changed by defining
the "YY_DECL" macro.  For example, you could use:

     #define YY_DECL float lexscan( a, b ) float a, b;

   to give the scanning routine the name `lexscan', returning a float,
and taking two floats as arguments.  Note that if you give arguments to
the scanning routine using a K&R-style/non-prototyped function
declaration, you must terminate the definition with a semi-colon (`;').

   Whenever `yylex()' is called, it scans tokens from the global input
file `yyin' (which defaults to stdin).  It continues until it either
reaches an end-of-file (at which point it returns the value 0) or one
of its actions executes a `return' statement.

   If the scanner reaches an end-of-file, subsequent calls are undefined
unless either `yyin' is pointed at a new input file (in which case
scanning continues from that file), or `yyrestart()' is called.
`yyrestart()' takes one argument, a `FILE *' pointer (which can be nil,
if you've set up `YY_INPUT' to scan from a source other than `yyin'),
and initializes `yyin' for scanning from that file.  Essentially there
is no difference between just assigning `yyin' to a new input file or
using `yyrestart()' to do so; the latter is available for compatibility
with previous versions of `flex', and because it can be used to switch
input files in the middle of scanning.  It can also be used to throw
away the current input buffer, by calling it with an argument of
`yyin'; but better is to use `YY_FLUSH_BUFFER' (see above).  Note that
`yyrestart()' does *not* reset the start condition to `INITIAL' (see
Start Conditions, below).

   If `yylex()' stops scanning due to executing a `return' statement in
one of the actions, the scanner may then be called again and it will
resume scanning where it left off.

   By default (and for purposes of efficiency), the scanner uses
block-reads rather than simple `getc()' calls to read characters from
`yyin'.  The nature of how it gets its input can be controlled by
defining the `YY_INPUT' macro.  YY_INPUT's calling sequence is
"YY_INPUT(buf,result,max_size)".  Its action is to place up to MAX_SIZE
characters in the character array BUF and return in the integer
variable RESULT either the number of characters read or the constant
YY_NULL (0 on Unix systems) to indicate EOF.  The default YY_INPUT
reads from the global file-pointer "yyin".

   A sample definition of YY_INPUT (in the definitions section of the
input file):

     %{
     #define YY_INPUT(buf,result,max_size) \
         { \
         int c = getchar(); \
         result = (c == EOF) ? YY_NULL : (buf[0] = c, 1); \
         }
     %}

   This definition will change the input processing to occur one
character at a time.

   When the scanner receives an end-of-file indication from YY_INPUT,
it then checks the `yywrap()' function.  If `yywrap()' returns false
(zero), then it is assumed that the function has gone ahead and set up
`yyin' to point to another input file, and scanning continues.  If it
returns true (non-zero), then the scanner terminates, returning 0 to
its caller.  Note that in either case, the start condition remains
unchanged; it does *not* revert to `INITIAL'.

   If you do not supply your own version of `yywrap()', then you must
either use `%option noyywrap' (in which case the scanner behaves as
though `yywrap()' returned 1), or you must link with `-lfl' to obtain
the default version of the routine, which always returns 1.

   Three routines are available for scanning from in-memory buffers
rather than files: `yy_scan_string()', `yy_scan_bytes()', and
`yy_scan_buffer()'.  See the discussion of them below in the section
Multiple Input Buffers.

   The scanner writes its `ECHO' output to the `yyout' global (default,
stdout), which may be redefined by the user simply by assigning it to
some other `FILE' pointer.


automatically generated by info version 1.5

Dirfile and infopages generated Sat Dec 3 02:07:54 2005