Explanation of `input' ...................... Consider the definition of `input': input: /* empty */ | input line ; This definition reads as follows: "A complete input is either an empty string, or a complete input followed by an input line". Notice that "complete input" is defined in terms of itself. This definition is said to be "left recursive" since `input' appears always as the leftmost symbol in the sequence. Note: Recursive Rules. The first alternative is empty because there are no symbols between the colon and the first `|'; this means that `input' can match an empty string of input (no tokens). We write the rules this way because it is legitimate to type `Ctrl-d' right after you start the calculator. It's conventional to put an empty alternative first and write the comment `/* empty */' in it. The second alternate rule (`input line') handles all nontrivial input. It means, "After reading any number of lines, read one more line if possible." The left recursion makes this rule into a loop. Since the first alternative matches empty input, the loop can be executed zero or more times. The parser function `yyparse' continues to process input until a grammatical error is seen or the lexical analyzer says there are no more input tokens; we will arrange for the latter to happen at end of file.
Dirfile and infopages generated Sat Dec 3 02:07:54 2005