Multiple Parsers in the Same Program ==================================== Most programs that use Bison parse only one language and therefore contain only one Bison parser. But what if you want to parse more than one language with the same program? Then you need to avoid a name conflict between different definitions of `yyparse', `yylval', and so on. The easy way to do this is to use the option `-p PREFIX' (Note: Invoking Bison.). This renames the interface functions and variables of the Bison parser to start with PREFIX instead of `yy'. You can use this to give each parser distinct names that do not conflict. The precise list of symbols renamed is `yyparse', `yylex', `yyerror', `yynerrs', `yylval', `yychar' and `yydebug'. For example, if you use `-p c', the names become `cparse', `clex', and so on. *All the other variables and macros associated with Bison are not renamed.* These others are not global; there is no conflict if the same name is used in different parsers. For example, `YYSTYPE' is not renamed, but defining this in different ways in different parsers causes no trouble (Note: Data Types of Semantic Values.). The `-p' option works by adding macro definitions to the beginning of the parser source file, defining `yyparse' as `PREFIXparse', and so on. This effectively substitutes one name for the other in the entire parser file.
Dirfile and infopages generated Sat Dec 3 02:07:54 2005